The Atkins diet or just the Atkins is the most popular low-carbohydrate diet. It was suggested by a cardiologist Dr. Robert Atkins in 1972. Since then the author published several books, promoting low-carb style of eating as the most effective and natural way to fight obesity and to improve health. Thanks to the tremendous popularity of the diet, the books by Robert Atkins remain among the best-sellers in the USA.
The basic principle of the Atkins diet is the restriction in carbohydrates and sugar consumption that leads a dieter into ketosis - a condition, when the organism burns fat instead of carbohydrates to produce energy. On the other hand, the Atkins diet allows eating unprocessed meat, different types of fish, fowl meat and also shellfish and eggs. Add oils, butter and mayonnaise to the list and you’ll get the dream diet to follow.
The Atkins diet ensures rapid and effective weight loss – from 3-4 pounds to 6-8 pounds a week. However, the significant weight loss is characterized only for the initial 14-days period of the Atkins; all the next phases of the diet aim at slow and gradual weight loss (approx. 1 pound per week) till a dieter reaches his target weight.
The advocates of the Atkins diet point out such positive features of the plan as easiness to follow, elimination of hunger, rapid weight loss, and positive impact on sugar and cholesterol blood levels.
The opponents of the Atkins say that it is not healthy to drastically restrict vegetables and fruits consumption, while increasing consumption of meat and fats; according to several small studies, the Atkins diet really helped people lose more weight, but this weight loss was temporary and the dieters regained weight in 12 months.