Diet Space

Diets as certain techniques, invented by humans to improve their own body compositions with the help of eating regimen changes, are traced back in the hoary antiquity. And, though, perhaps the first diet book Letter on Corpulence was written by William Banting in 1864, and one of the earliest dieting strategies was initiated by William the Conqueror in the 11th century; it was only in the middle of the 20th century that obesity was first recognized as the number one health problem in the USA and other industrialized countries. As a result, the development of different diet plans and strategies was put at the conveyor, and multiple diet books showered as from the horn of plenty.  

Overweight and obesity prevailance among the U.S. adults
 
1988-1994
1999-2000
2001-2002
2003-2004
Overweight or obese (BMI above25)
56.0
64.5
65.7
66.3
Obese (BMI above 30)
22.9
30.5
30.6
32.2

Diet authors surpassed even music composers, who manage to create new and new songs with the help of the same seven notes. Major food compounds – carbohydrates, proteins and fats, became the notes for physicians, doctors, celebrities and fitness trainers to design their own diets (some of which turned into real masterpieces, and some, of course, appeared to be not even real diets…)

According to the dietary guidelines, issued by the United States Department of Agriculture, a well-balanced and healthy diet is the one, where about 60 % of daily calories are derived from carbohydrates, 20 – 35 % of calories are taken form fat sources, preferable poly- or mono-unsaturated fats, and only about 10 % should come from proteins.  

Nutritional Ratio of Some Diets
Diet Name
Carbs

%

Fats

%

Proteins

%

Traditional Diet Guidelines
60
30
10
Fat Flush
40
30
30
Scarsdale
34.5
22.5
43
Zone
40
30
30
Total Wellbeing
40
30
30

However, it looks like traditional eating regimen cannot guarantee optimal body mass, since the amount of overweight and obese people increases constantly. Hence, there is still a huge interest to eating plans and strategies on the market.

Perhaps, the most popular diets of the 20th century are the so-called “low-carbohydrates” diets, the basement for which was created by Dr. Atkins and his revolutionary Atkins Diet. The common ground of the Atkins diet, as well as many other low-carb diets, such as Hamptons, Living Low Carb, Slim-Fast, South Beach, The Zone, Sugar Busters, or Scarsdale, is the idea that rapid and significant weight loss can be achieved by restricting the intake of processed and refined carbohydrates, such as sugar-rich food, bread, pasta, cereal, starchy vegetables, etc., with the simultaneous emphasize on consumption of protein-rich foods, such as meat, fish and poultry.

Interesting Facts on Dieting
50 % of women in the USA are on diet
70 % of dieters regain their weight within one year
Not more than 5% of diets can provide permanent weight loss
Diet industry takes $40 billion each year
Young girls are afraide of obesity more than a nuclear war

Of course, all the low-carb diets are not the same: each of them has some peculiar feature, invented and promoted by the author to appeal to the readers. Hamptons diet, for example, encourages the consumption of macadamia nut oil as the healthiest source of fats. Slim-Fast Diet recommends less eating, but more moving in order to lose weight. South Beach Diet tries to combine the key ideas of low-carbohydrates dieting with glycemic index theory. The Zone diet teaches its followers to achieve certain physiological state, where the blood level of insulin is maintained at the optimal level (neither too high, nor too low). And the Scarslade Diet is designed for those who prefer following precise and exact eating recommendations.

The examples of “exotic” dieting are also not rare nowadays. For example, Jorge Cruise shifts the emphasis from what you eat to when you eat. His “3-Hour Diet” encourages people eat every 3 hours in order to promote healthy metabolism and thus ensure weight loss. Blood Type diet explains that the type of diet should be derived from the blood type of a dieter. The Fat Flush diet author considers that detoxification of the human liver is the only way to achieving optimal body weight. On the other hand, Pritikin explains the key role of fiber for healthy living of human beings.

Following the Volumetrics Eating Plan you will understand  why a bowel of soup is a healthier choice than a piece of cheeseburger with the same caloric value; and sticking to the Fit for Life is recommended to all those who do not like to chew foods (here water-containing products make up to 70 % of daily ration). With the Step Diet one is encouraged to go for a walk in order to burn down the excess calories.                                                                                                                                            

G.I. Diet belongs to really well-balanced and scientifically-sound eating plans. In fact, the theory of glycemic index became the basement for defining what foods are “good” for us and what are “bad” in many other diet programs.

Inspired by the success of body-builders, many authors tried to find the key to ideal body mass in the consumption of high-protein foods. Total Wellbeing, Curves, L.A. Shape, and Protein Power are the most vivid examples of high-protein diet. Though this type of dieting may really produce significant body fat loss and gaining muscles, it should always be kept in mind that too much of protein may cause serious health disorders.

Health and Obesity Facts
8 out of 10 persons over 25 years old are overweight
80% of type II diabetes is associated with obesity
70% of cardiovascular disease is associated with obesity
26% of obese people have high blood pressure
30% of gall bladder surgery related to obesity
42% breast and colon cancer found among obese people

On the other hand, practically all diet experts and medical professionals agree that reducing calories and proper exercising are the only natural ways of losing extra body pounds. With the Cambridge Diet you can get the planned amount of calories and nutritional elements with the prepackaged foods. Total Body Makeover and Abs diets are designed to show people how to get the most of fitness and physical exercising.

The diet known as Dr.Phil, named after its creator, is rather a whole life strategy than just a set of eating rules and recommendations of choosing right foods for dinner. Though compromised by his previous diet initiative, “The Ultimate Weight Solution” by Dr. Phil is mostly approved by many diet experts. 

Sonoma Diet is the example of eating regimen, which is not about deprivation, restrictions, banned foods and cravings for tasty and flavorful meals. In fact, the Sonoma Diet is the balanced eating approach, where a dieter is encouraged to consume all the food groups with some features of Mediterranean style of eating.

So, there are a vast majority of diets already created, but it looks like that even more new diets will appear in the next years, since still there is no cure for obesity. The team of Dietspace is constantly keeping hand on the pulse of diet science, and we will do our best to inform our readers on the new weight-loss solutions.



You can check your Body Mass Index using our BMI calculator.